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茄狗砧 15 ∶‘窑 .. 2558 徽氛 21 ┖押氛 377

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素韫鹿奠笛轻谩⑼р拧 烈ㄒ∨夜挂淘∫

¤凸氛瑷辛蔗姬千驮嗯纭访凸浴熟ね辆郧嗟兔煦够穴ㄘ貉 凉厣蚂觅楱选拭橐罔孤沟斓亚崦×业验п佃 300 徽氛栳砰

嗷绻素韫鹿奠氛栲≡川摇嗨盆要枰Ы樟淄假槭瞄咬拭盲旃姨浴 蹲袜荤埂颐拭橐р煤偷秘韫贺∴涸♀绰悛椤配∨夜挂淘∫愎∫芒押啶抛柰

狄沥且拎㈤毅á艇す愎仑す臻 素韫鹿奠 嗣淄 饷和 (robot) 嗷绻啶米柰Ж选谩弄乖此怪瑙 琳叛∩承猡莽拭橐п判觅幻枰п怠佃咬⊙ 岬枧谢眯嗬法辛账归曳砧∫梅缨夜岬〉枰А压浠狄僚选沙小颐悛椐夜 獯铝关陕歙朽荤辜匍で氦亓∨洹眯汉佃咬 闼榉缨夜岱贯汉脱碘沽训

獯路谚卿凰罔孤沟於佟拭橐Б珠故铀醚骇夜氛枇栅且谅摇庞阂 嗒韫 б故用迁咀楣氛杈脏壬氛枇关陕旆愉凌浯 獯锣┚倚咀楣氛柰压得衣吐枰Ё夜视们ù千ㄑ狗渺 匆青っ倚遂氛桎凌琳试瑙琳窃 崤秀愎拓凳宜∶昧∫眉旁耽挂淬谁栲荤顾叛 谎è睾压 琳∫霉铀罔孤沟炝毅б广∨楠源窃丹 嗒韫 素韫鹿奠愎芬А颐峋仿煦艰业汛 嗣淄崃獒佃素韫鹿奠氛瓒佟拭橐Б珠灌咀柰嗷绻啶米柰о盆耿艇凉厣蚂 ü啻针虑拐猷靡室烈枚狙补毅碎素韫鹿奠琳叛∩承づ橐铝关陕炝摇⒅楣坟∏压嗑阻豌碎鸵妊峦沦杳枨痢压浯殂躬涨缘幻楔忧压 嗒韫 啜橐素韫鸵镣 瑙嗷绻 android 素韫鹿奠嗯章贯汉凉厣蚂⑼Ш迷裳肺凸撮

素韫鹿奠顿♂鸿汀嗷绻 2 幻朽婪闼 狄僚选沙小颐悛椐夜ぷ 素韫鹿奠源氛璧源笛椐吐勹⊙悍砧 (fixed robot) 啶抛柰狗砧浠渌逛撮撮锹笛青艇淞桎撮 琳叛∩承嗷绻幄埂 室烈枚⒙押崤朽づ阻凸渌卿撮喋疽嗅佃判㈤偷柰酪裸沟亚嗤о疯夜验 裂」愉汇愎饷Ё夜拓凳宜∶昧 嗒韫 饷Ё夜幻小秃枚鹿奠 ⊙核罔孤沟飒乖捶砧啶抛柰狗砧浯 (mobile robot) 室烈枚啶抛柰狗砧浠渌沽忆斯浯榇榍碌亚嗤р绰悛榕橥嗣淄⒁ 瑙幻朽婪拐槁学嗷绻б骨渊崖吐勹 琳岷酣优艇洪咬崤榍 岬杪学淞枋伊颐都旁低汀烈悛椐夜浯楱迷

愎洪夜嗝亦桥夜臻识夜戎∩颐写押拓戳戎∩宜乓箩髓А缌锗乱仟逛仿搜沽沂瞄咬素韫鹿奠⊙沽摇⒅楣 岬杪学吐勹愎⒀楣嗝澡恋楣贺∴涸∴疯夜验

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び氰 Robot 烈ㄒ·忧枰 Robota 愎酪梢嗒纭 峄徘枰 ∫梅缨夜嗍磷凸芬 顿°嗷绻っ验п谩愎判っ嗲氛嗝阻艇 "Rassum"s Universal Robots" 悍幻芯压胳⑼А亦门 嗷 愎徽 .. 1920 喙组退亦≌杪蔷压⊙酣怨倒摇颐⑼Я关陕煦埂颐憬杷亦っ阻艇磷酮枨路缨夜 ㄖЩ眯丛砂欷源ら顾罔孤沟膦珠广碎嗷绻芬胜吐醚恒 愎判っ嗝阻艇拐椤颐悛楠涨缘描橇⊙姑兴氰咬素韫鹿奠⊙毫关陕齑余乖逛淮榍麓 ü∶蟹谚罔孤沟炝栅且撩匍手」帧ぴ脆灌凑虑⊙毫关陕 ü唷源∫玫柰甸夜淞杪土嗷绻嗪臻屡枰с碎凉厣蚂〈⒄琚枇嗨铡

愎徽 .. 1942 び氰 robot 嗷绻氛杳匍ㄑ、艇す费枨馀⊥铡っ验о磷柰 渫岖 鸵镣 寡∴⒄鹿骨乖乱落 啖章灌米柰о≌杪恰押素韫鹿奠愎乖乱虑苑乱纫实渺嗝阻艇 I-Robot 寡横佃寡楣素韫鹿奠$∨衣嗷绻ㄘ词广á艇寡∏苑乱纫实渺崤小眯地楣峁扦源ㄔ沟挂∫勉埂颐幻写陨办ぴ搐楣素韫鹿奠愎馀⊥挂さü视嗝绋

岬琛柰龚辛叶支仑に罔孤沟臁配⊥脏喷》猛乖∈飓押凸嗨磷凸坟∏压拐 咬∨柿崖夂靡赤⒁觅楱选∫檬瞄咬∨洹素韫鹿奠烈寡壕压徽崤榍 獯陇源ら咕巡挂⒅楣ㄒ」姨浴裔创崤泄姨浴曳靡 ü浯 挂淘∫归 嗷绻∨洹秘韫崦》砧凉厣蚂觅楱选笛椐岬杪丐鸵寐该昧∶铡嗔阻 400 徽¤凸っ允怠遗 悛榫叛Ч橛嗷绻笛羌叛】压嗫淄с碎∨洹挂淘∫酚б雇训夤裂翟 蹲袜荤灌っ阻艇ㄑ∶啶米柰п谩氛枋瞄咬⒅楣嗑阻豌视嗣押酚б贯饭凉厣蚂

伺学ㄒ」验 眯汉乓箍压嗫淄Ч臻$狙补业柰喙阻艇烈蹬痛 獯侣丐崦—仪∶铡嗝章×压氰 屯獾烈狄 (automata) 瑙嗷绻氛枇尧艇び氰 "脱碘沽训" 寡韫嗤

崦∴迷枇试瑙幻写陨办屯獾烈狄乖铝酚嗷绻⑼о盆故铀醚骸裳得月 楣寿 崤朽っ阻艇嘿愎芬沂挂嗑阻豌碎す乖铝嗯阻土闶 嗒韫 岱韫嘿氛琚卵孩珠古т撮嗤 嗣淄觅秽ひ镁氛杷压衣⑶忆撮 嗷绻甸

愎涤挂耿艇锹郧 眯贺氰 柿崖∩训迷蚂馀镣 貉排学§⑼Ь眯艇れ嗷绻貉排学§窃嗳 嗔阻袜蚀绋⒅楣幻蟹押埂驮狗谜ㄐ且ЯА禺脓汗久朽日旅 茄轻判试р凳辗艇ㄐ伦脆烽彝汀闼猷寺章亨荤耿验购压浯⒅楣浠寿韬雅叛А 费椐肆垂验灌荤灌っ阻艇∨氛杌眯丛砂膦珠灌肆淄埂押氛栲靡嗨绻⊙购柰碌伊酪韭沟渺盆沂梁训 氛枇选ㄐ琳幻械佟欧砧嗷源辉脆艇浯 ね芦柰耿亓柿貉翟嗨盆夜验

屯獾烈狄 獯瑙囱Х砧守淬孤丐鹊敲蒙氛 18 嗔阻酮枰Щ眯丛砂旃姨浴毅孤剽没搜沽沂关 押б雇外盗业摇压吐枰А情咬⑶咬 っ仪拐槭伊颐多谜隆浯榍枰嗷绻素韫鹿奠笛轻谩⑼Я关陕熹撮嗟缌灰 嗑靡惺瞄咬⒅楣嗷绻觅涣关陕 叛∩承斯橐狄嗨磷凸す坟⊥妈咬 室烈枚啶抛柰逛饲浯 啖章顾寡淄崤星掖觅讳撮 獯裸∨洹乓构姨浴曳砧屯♂汉吐枰Й押凸嗷绻笛呛学ぱ

素韫笛枪臻ぷ Draughtsman-Writer (素韫鹿奠咬啖章) 嗷绻寂б埂颐幻写陨办⑼ 屯 嗔排颐爨吹 (Henry Maillardet) 咬挂淘∫鞘窃胜灌凑虑⊙悍砧拭橐罔埂潘雇逛肆 氛栲⒄鹿嗯枰浠愎┖押¤凸寡韫嗤

素韫鹿奠笛枪臻拭橐Б珠够眯烈郴 .. 1800 氛琛秘凸赐 瑙嗷绻识夜氛璺缨夜⑼о僚乓渺啻奠 嗷绻б埂配~押凸楣嗤》砧拭橐Б珠灌肆淄沽关陕炝摇 谎è睾压 ㄑ瘁蚀沦璺砧识液压峥莽づ怨 吭乓啻培空 仕醚巴嗔迷∫ 獯路咬识液压浯槊押镣核罔沟亚拐殂灌醋凸灸权浴衣 徽 1928 愎世揖秘捶秘粹访亮彰柰吐顿′夸肆猷荤购咬疏枪崤械凸崦′凌觅榉砧烈氛桎 岬杷叛Ж摇土岖哩故伊颐丁匍舅罔耿珠沽忆撮崤秀碎反磐о⒄鹿斯学首

坟·沟橥Щ眯伺掖悒烈 嗑靡朽⒁眯贺烽衣幻锈陇氛栲⒁啖章骨枰 "written by the automaton of Maillardet"

素韫鹿奠咬啖章耿艇嗔排颐爨吹 室烈枚啖章购贰钦浯 3 楣 嗷绻酪梢脱А纳崤薪醚瑙嗳 且疵倩浯 4 觅 啻粤且创榍禄摇∫⒐埂ㄘ枇肆帧 谎è睾压嗷耪杪灌荤够摇∫肆帧玲饭

¤凸斯橐氛杷罔孤沟飒枰о⒄鹿ㄐ幻摇珠 琳す屯♂汉地辍狄∨烈¤凸斯橐崤榍伺衣楣 岬杪学淞枇摘蚤广磁选沙朽肆淄顾罔孤沟熹撮脆ü喾枰⊙核罔孤沟飒枰о⒄鹿拐

素韫∨秘韫崦℃ 叛∩承嗷绻地辍狄 嗒韫 "寡∴昏尧咆杪" Flautist 拭橐Б珠广够 .. 1783 獯虑匀恰媒醚瑙嗳湿阻 Jacques de Vaucanson 室烈枚嗷枰⑴罔落撮吨 12 嗑脓渚嗝倚 琳∫芒卵汗蚤橇淄氛璺哟榍落灵崤辛艇嗨绻斯橐汀地辍狄⒙押⒅楣脓浯殂姑兴氰咬嗷枰⑴罔麓榍 嗍章匆路砧淞枇绽揖闼猷绥贯砰 岬杪学琳б躬蚤顾怪瑙⑼о⒁氛栲荤辜脓夜楣嗤♂判琳∫猫优艇∨洹烈闼榇巽够穴ㄘ貉工淄 "嗷绱 Vaucanson" 拭橐Б珠勾榍隆配—蚤故枨 400 楣 氛璺鱼碎嗷绱⒙押徽∴づ阻凸渌 ≡雇宜颐浯 崤新学室烈枚屯′㈣浯榇榍 獯落㈣嗨盆夜验狗莹摇霖∷米屯循脸盏枰ф 氛韬妹ㄘ啖橐浠酪裸沟亚嗷绱 悛椤配′⑴夜貉Г押眯汉∫梅缨夜坟∈枨公骤Ж蟹鱼碎嗷绱屯′㈣浯槔衣愎 1 挂氛 嗷绻⑼о盆工躬验故侑氛枋瞄咬で伊嗑旁脆九怨吐枰澡

素韫∨驼〉亚斯骤Х砧嗷绻б躬蚤灌汀嗒韫⊙工淄 "帅熟唰怨" The Silver Swan 拭橐Б珠光绰咬青号嗦章 John Joseph Merlin (1735-1803) 谎è睾压ㄑ瘁蚀沦璺砧驹驹咐殉膘夂鞘 愎脱А纳 (Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, Teesdale, County Durham, England) 嗷绻寂б谷耘恍市柿⑼Ч衣ㄍ遂 夂鞘 啜橐⑼Ь跃愿姥潮

帅熟唰怨笛枪臻琳⒐掖喾枰⑼Ж迷 酚б勾榍隆配∨夜挂淘∫ 久橥痢盆艇垂得辗砧凸吐勹撮夜愎笛撬 室烈枚⒙押庞ね⒅楣脓嗨磷凸∮叛Я卮归优т弧怨慌裔判搜逛淮橐顾叛о咀柰浍棰逛撮 叛∩承∫绵づ阻凸渌千揣伊柿鸳靡恰押帅熟琳窃 崤朽咀柰醚∩沂酪尽配′凌闼榉缨夜斯选唷怨浠 驹驹咐殉膘ㄖЖ汛崾揣帅熟嗑章压判っ验о疯夜验 獯隆颐啶抛柰逛饲笛椐岬璧楣üê悛猷桥 32 窃挂氛

⑼о盆埂磐铡楣斯骤Х砧獯瑙囱Я摇 琳す拭橐Б珠苟且率嘏佃夜吩换籴髓怨啻章 愎徽 .. 1795 嗝章 压氰 "韭绚崴瑙淞渺 (The Tiger of Mysore)" 嗷绻觅秽首外っ瑙 酚撮锹淞 酪裸沽胀兔灬」凸吐勹 笛青首屯沦桡狗枰肆秃敌缓匪颐脱А纳氛韫凸峒杷靡 就肆毓¢夜鹿奠氛桎伺栲ㄩ亦首汀绋孝卵亨づ阻凸渌蔷瞄土⊙菏瑙嗍章Б勹び靡潦枨狗艘绵っ倚遂瞄衣$丛楣霉崤忻橥р寺饲 瑙嗍章У枰ф 拐猷≡川摇屯渺帷狗砧琳∫猛汛帕嗤忆情寡韫嗤 谎è睾压 韭绚崴瑙淞渺ㄑ瘁蚀沦璺砧窃〉袜谜箩凸挫脱培涸渺 猎青铝

愎仑す验雇鼗∶踌⑼о盆埂培伺枰拐楣月练印压烈 淞桡喋疽歇仪仑饷秽疯夜验 岬枇蔗久杷乓裸龚展崤协砧回韫撮锹 愎杌罔灌谜隆⊙骨枰 ひ靡べ迷- karakuri 嗷绻地辍狄室青试渺抗黹要曳砧琳烈笛椐岬枞登妹煞砧 17 愎柿崖嗤獯 嗔阻袜ㄩ尧艇洪夜且Ф榍鹿黹要遗Ш苟掖氛璧仃〉宜罔苟淄吐勹 鬼橐斯选堕锹ㄐ浠〈∨洹撮夜盆咬 素韫$ㄐ嗝澡镣汀啻怨益 浠艘幄〖匍烈嗦淄 嗔阻歪ⅰ隆堕锹鬼橐⒅楣ㄒ《掖 裂埂绋兴仑垂澡沦琛押氛 就幄〈阻玲砰乔咬堕锹ぷ购苟掖 啜橐地辍狄ㄐ肆毓笛恰叛横砰青丛逛煌沦璺砧啻粤⑼Я压...拭橐Г且潦关∈挂灌九源嗑旁广碎⊙悍验оㄩ尧艇洪夜崤嗅ⅰ

岬璧凸寡楣ぇ淞枇浙っぴ翠∨∶蟹谚枰 茄构臻嗝舀惺伊颐读账罔孤沟旆砧淞栲菊搂嗷绻嗑阻凸嗯韫拭橐Г且拎九源嗑旁 岬枋伊颐斗缨夜岱沽关陕熹撮鸳

斯橐 78





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